By 2030, 1 in 8 people globally will be an elder.

Elders are college educated, wealthier, computer experienced, heightened expectations, and experiencing lower rates of disabilities. 57% of the world's population over 80 will be living in the less developed regions. By 2050 this proportion will increase to more than 70%. Population is driven by declines in fertility. In 2006, the total rate was at or below the replacement rate in 44 less developed countries. More than 20 countries will experience population declines in the upcoming decades.

Using Maslow's Needs into Design Principles

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a tool to structure the research into design principles. This method is very controversial because there are more in-depth and complexities that occur in emotional needs and mental disorders.

Deficit needs (Belonging, Security, Physiological) are predominantly fulfilled on a regular basis. Your mind and body will not relax until these needs are satisfy. Once each level of fulfillment is provided then you will focus on the higher levels of Self-Esteem and Self-Act. What is commonly happening for elders is the lost of deficit needs such as walking, eating, and feeling secured in their home. Soon after, their sense of motivation and willingness to be active will decline.


A person can be restless or born to do an activity. It can be seen as a natural talent or gift with extreme focus of passion and desire.


Sense of personal growth and achievement. They will attend to their image among social gatherings and networks.


Wanting affections and commitment in a relationship. Building circles of family, friends, and colleagues.


Feeling safe in their environment. Establishing trust with their community to be comfortable.


Maintaining and caring of the body. Regulating their stress and sickness through diet, sleep, and exercise.

The diagram below will help understand how might a person age over time and adapt as they move away from their prime. We have all experience a love one changing as they age. Either they take it in strides or struggling to cope. Breaking down the core values of their lifestyle and struggles is to help designers better understand how to develop products effectively to their limitations and needs.

Research says that elders are more emotionally stable than young adults. However motor skills and lack of society can direct elders to depression and rapid lost of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL.) For average adults, their sense of purpose can be focus towards parenting or career goals.  When those values are fulfilled, what is their next purpose in life?

Aligning Core Needs

Three principles are establish to understand and expand about elderly needs.  Care, Dignity, and Self-Fulfillment represent ideals of a healthy lifestyle. The categories below breaks down each attribute between Maslow's needs and the design principles.

Other information to be recognized: more research of women's health; the desire of elders to stay active & engaged; the need to create inter-generational solidarity; involving elders in the development process; advancing health and well-being into old age; and, ensuring supportive environments that enable elders to make decisions.


Having access to care and knowing a community that empathize with your needs.


Able to display independence and willingness to receive help from society.


Not to be intimated and learn technology at their pace.

Design Principles

These principles are to remind designers how an elder wants to maintain their identity and connection with their love ones using technology. But, staying mindful how to use new technology with tools aiding their memory every time they use it.

Having a Social Role

Function with IADL disablities

Keeping Active

Able to Learn and Adapt

Emerging Tech Landscape

The following imagery defines emerging technology that will become consumer electronics. There are four categories to in different areas. Some are never seen by the user but they are connected from as tiny as a coin or as large as a cellular network. 

Elderly Lifestyle

Emerging technology will need to consider what works for an elder. They have different attitudes about what they need to spend their money. Their lifestyle is restricted to whatever their retirement funds. Some elder do not have any funds and becomes dependent on health insurance and charity donations. The following imagery is to help understand a given elder's lifestyle. The self-esteem and self-act needs are to be proactive in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Heart Monitor IOTH Device

Based on the research above there were several directions to continue into conceptual development. The final direction is to focus on a heart monitoring device for women. 

1 in 3 women have a heart disease.

Heart attack and heart disease is an issue many doctors and medical institutions do not have a good understanding or development. It is assume women do not get heart diseases and ignored by their doctors.

Based on 2007 research, before technology such as 2 gen Apple Watch. The device will need to monitor the heart from two locations on the body. It is collecting data of the heartbeat, electrical pulses, chemicals, and blood pressure.

Many women will ignore their own health for the sake of family and career.The device will broadcast a message to nearby phones in order to get medical attention.

Understanding Heart Conditions

Your heart has three Coronary Arteries to nourish the heart muscles. As we age, our arteries get brittle and collects plaque. A clot happens when the build-up collapses and blocks the flow of blood to the muscle. (1) Coronary Arteries (2) Blood Clog (3) Muscle Death. 

Doctors can detect the state of muscle death by looking for an enzyme called Creatine Kinage in the blood stream. Estrogen helps coronary arteries to expand. After menopause the static of women getting heart attacks increases 2-3x.

Your heart changes in blood pressure when having a heart attack. For most cases the pressure can be extremely high or low depending where the clot is located.

(A) Blood cells returns from the body. (B) Pumps the blood into the lungs. (C) Returns from the lungs with oxygen. (D) Then pumps the blood back into the body. Doctors can detect low and high blood based on (1) and (2).

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